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The Francisco
Vazquez de Coronado expedition in arizona

Definitive evidence has now been discovered of the 1539 and 1540 expeditions of Fray Marcos de Niza and Francisco Vazquez de Coronado through Arizona. This solves one of the longest standing mysteries in the American Southwest, which is the route taken by Fray Marcos de Niza and Francisco Vasquez de Coronado through Sonora and Arizona. They were the first Europeans to step foot into this region in 1539 and 1540. Abundant evidence has been found in neighboring New Mexico and also a site has been found in Texas, but their path through Arizona and Sonora has remained a question for nearly 500 years. 


Recent discoveries in southern Arizona reveal evidence of the presence of this important expedition, that represents the moment of first contact between Europeans and Native populations in what is now the Southwestern US. Among the findings is a large encampment with hundreds of the diagnostic mid-16th century artifacts that are required to prove the presence of these expeditionaries here in Arizona. 


      Coronado discovery film

Watch the trailer for the upcoming professional documentary film on this exciting find:

Coronado: The New Evidence

Next Showing 

Coronado: The New Evidence

Tin Shed in Patagonia.

Hosted by the Patagonia Museum

(Theater is smallish so purchase in advance)



Discovering the "Discoverers" in Arizona (First talk announcement, January 29, 2022)

Watch "The Journey of Coronado by Pedro de CASTAÑEDA read by Sue Anderson | Full Audio Book

Read: George Parker Winship

The Coronado Expedition, 1540-1542


Coronado on the Santa Cruz River, arizona

Most researchers place the Coronado expedition on the San Pedro River, having arrived in what is now southeastern Arizona via the Rio Sonora. New archaeological evidence suggests this is not the case. Only a couple of past researchers have suggested other routes, one being the Santa Cruz River as the point of entry. One of these difficult-to-find sources is provided in the link below:

Coronado in the San Bernardino valley, arizona

Charles Di Peso believed the route went up the San Bernardino Valley, arriving from the south and not entering the modern US until this valley.

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